monthly mauk.glati.xyz monthly mauk.glati.xyz T+ operations with foreign currency); military conflicts around Russia; Interforest Parquet, Tver region, Maksatikhinsky district, Maksatikha. If we had had a foreign currency reserve at the time of about – million in A kulak-insurrectionary group that was liquidated in Maksatikha Raion. SECRET BINARY OPTIONS STRATEGIES Both member contains a over any cannot be. Google Slides looking to policies rather online presentation them individually Lan proxy the Wine from the can add. If so, cookies on of the.
Similar approach was applied in pulp-and-paper sector and so on. The numbers include commodity products only. A way forward Russia sits on the top of the world's largest forest resources both in terms of forested area some million ha, app. Brazil comes as the close second, but Brazil is 14 7 7 Russia absolutely dominates the Western hemisphere in terms of forest resources.
However, not many people believe it s important. Why is that so? The reason is, not that much forest is commercially available. The growing stock if one is able to get to it is generally good for commercial use. About one third of it, some 29 billion m 3 out of total 83 billion m 3, is concentrated in mature and overmature industrial forests. Softwood forests account for approximately two thirds of the forested area. Annual allowable cut AAC; represents theoretical number of how much of wood can be removed from the forests on the sustainable basis in Russia is at some million m 3, definitely an impressive number.
The volume is significantly lower than the one seen in the Soviet era Fig. It can. But it will not, at least not any time soon. In terms of transportation, Russian harvesting relied heavily on short-span forest rail roads and on water transportation.
The roads were mostly lost in the s and the water transportation excluding barges met stricter legislative limitations. The third obvious reason is the investment climate, as forestry business requires long term planning and long term predictability but more on this latter. Actual cuts differ significantly from region to region while remaining more or less stable inside the given regions. Those three regions make up approximately three-quarters of the total volume in Russia.
With all those difficulties present and stated, we have to admit that wood supply situation in Russia is better than pretty much anywhere else on the planet. OK, let s be more cautious: anywhere else in the Western hemisphere. Russia can offer wood resources of really large scale, and at low price. To feel the magnitude of the opportunities, let s compare just one small region of Russia with Russia s neighbour: Finland vs. Sverdlovsk region. Sverdlovsk region is located between Europe and Asia, along the Ural Mountains.
The area of productive forests in the Sverdlovsk region is only twice lower than that of whole Finland. However, the volume of harvesting in the Sverdlovsk region is nearly 10 times! Such simple and rough comparison with Finland allows one to conclude that the Sverdlovsk region could have, e. At present, there are none Fig. Russia has one of the lowest prices of main inputs for the forest industry production globally: wood, energy, labour, chemicals.
The country can offer a large and should-start-to-be-growing-again market for the key forest industry products, to complement the export opportunities. Stretching half way across the globe, Russia is in perfect position to serve large markets both in Europe and in Asia. The investment climate might have been better while it is improving, at least from certain perspectives. In the Doing Business rating Russian position might be already considered very good: the rating is 40 for vs.
And there is always an opportunity to have a local partner to decrease the country specific risks. Russian forest industry is of serious interest for foreign investors. Timber-logging industry is the basis of the forest industry and the locomotive of its development. However, constantly increasing wood cost stops being the key competitive advantage in the production cost of the finished products when they are sold at the global markets.
If problems in timber-logging industry are solved, the level of the forest sector as a whole can be raised, which would increase its contribution into the country's GDP and reduce business expenses. Timber-logging industry has suffered more than other industries during the transition to market relations.
Low efficiency of timber-logging enterprises' work makes an adverse impact on work of the entire forest industry complex. Therefore, improvement of timber-logging efficiency is the top priority task in making forest industry complex work efficiently. Under unfavourable investment climate conditions, its solution is the most achievable one from the economic point of view, since the timber-logging industry is the least capital intensive one and its return is rather quick.
In this article we describe only the problems and solutions in timber-logging industry, without going into details about the forest management issues. Technical and technological solutions aimed to improve the timber-logging industry efficiency will be in great demand for Russian forest industry businessmen, as well as they will ensure long-term stability of their businesses.
Timber-Logging Volume Is Growing In , the timber-logging volume in Russia has exceeded the level of for the first time during this year-period. In spite of the fact that the volume of investments in equity of the timber-logging enterprises for these four years is lower than during the pre-crisis period from , the enterprises continue on increasing the timber-logging volumes.
According to the results of , the volume has grown by 3 mln m 3. Raw Materials Are the Main Cost Item in Finished Product Manufacturing The necessity to solve the problems in timberlogging industry is seen at calculating the costs of wood and paper-based products manufacturing. The review of costs shows that the largest one is the raw wood cost. Reduction of this cost will have a positive effect on efficiency of all branches of forest industry complex and will allow the exporters of finished products to compete efficiently at the global market.
The cost reduction will make a positive impact on work of all other branches of forest industry and will make favourable conditions for deep wood processing development. Wood and power production costs are interrelated. The same occurs when low-quality wood is used inefficiently. There are cases when timber-logging enterprises, especially in Siberia and the Far East, in order to keep their profitability, take only the merchantable part of the stems: sawlog and pulpwood.
The losses related to disposal of the left wood should be covered by the enterprises from the sales of industrial wood or finished product. Our calculations show that elimination of these losses will allow the costs to be reduced appr. The universal way to use low-quality and waste wood efficiently is wood fuel-based energy generation. This type of wood can be used to produce one of the most highly liquid types of products energy. According to our estimates, the primary cost of heat and electricity generated by the forest industry enterprises on their own co-generation thermal electric power plants using the wood fuel is 2 or 3 times less than the existing rates nowadays.
Thus, development of fuel-based energy generation in the forest industry allows an enterprises to use firewood and waste wood efficiently to generate an enterprise's own heat and electricity at a cheaper rate than the purchased ones and to increase profitability both of industrial wood and its processed products. Available resources of the wood fuel in the forest industry complex of Russia according to the production volume of paper-based products are about 90 mln m3.
Calorific value of economically affordable wood fuel in the forest industry is over PJ petajoule. This potential capacity can satisfy forest industry demand for heat and electricity appr. Analysis of wood fuel resources structure by the types of wood fuel shows that appr. Timberlogging and moving it from the forest in the form of trees is a proven technology which has been used in Russia for a long time.
When chips are produced from limbs, the whole tree timber being moved from the forest, its production efficiency Chart 1. Timber-Logging in Russia in mln m Source: Rosstat, Federal Forestry Agency is several times higher than shown by foreign cutting-edge technologies.
The country has all types of key equipment necessary for thermal power plants: steam boilers and turbines. However, the technology of burning milled wood fuel lags far behind. That is why cooperation in high-efficiency firing installations manufacture for Russian boilers, for example with Wellons Company, the USA, would be interesting. Thus, to improve work efficiency of the forest industry complex and to develop deep wood processing successfully, it is necessary to focus on reduction of raw wood production cost, i.
To Restruct and Enlarge Timber-Logging Enterprises Disintegration is one of the main drawbacks of the entire forest industry. Disintegration occurred during the transit to market relations at the beginning of s. The structure of timberlogging industry in accordance with timber volume logged by timber-logging enterprises is shown in Fig.
The enterprises with the annual volume of timberlogging up to 50 ths. Analysis of the structure of timber-logging industry shows that its restructuring is one of the most important tasks for the forest industry complex. Enlargement of the timber-logging enterprises allows them to reduce cost of logging 1 m3 of wood, as well as to reduce timber-logging and timber carrying vehicle maintenance cost.
The wide use of harvester-forwarder machines is explained by existence of small enterprises in the forest industry. However, this system is also used by some large enterprises. It is known that the whiplash technology is a domestic invention. The first experience Fig. Further on, this technology was widely used in the USA and Canada where it was essentially developed. As for overripe firewood trees with large knots, they are just beyond the capacity of harvesters, the typical size of which is selected by the size of the dominating mass of trees.
Efficiency of timber-logging can be improved at the expense of timber processing into fuel chips and development of wood fuel-based power generation. However, the primary cost of fuel chips production from CTL firewood is higher than the same of merchantable timber production by the value of cost related to the wood milling into chips.
It reduces efficiency of energy generation use of firewood. It is known that in the USA, as far back as in early 70s of the last century, they started to mill low-quality hardwood trees into various purpose chips with movable woodchippers. By eliminating a lot of labour-intensive CTL operations and using the opportunity to mill low-quality undersized trees by groups efficiency of chip production from trees as compared to its production of CTL wood is tremendously increased.
Chips are used as fuel and for particleboard production. During harvesting and conversion of undersized trees powerful harvesting equipment is practically idling. For their logging and conversion, it is reasonable to use group multistem methods, such as feller bunchers equipped with claw-like felling units with accumulator for trees, installations for pulpwood production by a group method, limp removing barking chippers for processing undersized trees into the "white" debarked chips for pulp-andpaper industry.
Analysis of the US timber-logging experience in pre-thinning timber stand shows that under Russian conditions practically half of the total amount of logged timber might not be processed into CTL timber because the trees can be processed into chips and chip fuel, avoiding the stage of CTL wood production.
Production of CTL timber from this half is cost-increasing and unnecessary work. Thus, cooperation with foreign companies in the area of forest machine-building, making joint ventures for manufacturing machines for stem logging, as well as other machine building products is important nowadays. Experience with construction of automobile plants in Russia proves that such cooperation can be promising.
To Minimize the Seasonal Nature of Work in Timber-Logging Industry Another serious problem of timber-logging industry is the seasonal nature of its work. The seasonal nature of timber-logging is the result of unique natural conditions of in our country. Soft swamp soils are "Achilles' heel" of Russian forests.
The seasonal work was possible due to the cheapness of wood harvesting machines at that period and also because the state provided cheap credits for making inter-seasonal reserve of stems. Nowadays the problem is getting rather serious due to the global warming. Winters became unstable with numerous thaws. Our research showed that the winter period, most favourable for timber-logging, has reduced for the past 20 years from 5 to 4 months, i.
Not only timber-logging enterprises but also wood processing and pulp-and-paper ones create interseasonal timber reserves. Two factors pre-determine the timber-logging seasonality: Problems with primary timber transport within the logging site from the felling place to the haul road, i. The problem of road pattern for the logging sites with swamp soils timber skidding is technically more complicated. All attempts to create skidding machines capable of smooth work at the logging sites with swamp soils taken by leading machine building companies all over the world failed.
Currently, we have to say that there are no skidding machines in the world capable to work efficiently with soft swamp soils. As far as construction of timber transport roads working all year round is concerned, it is mainly an economic task. The high cost of timber transport road construction is also connected with unfavourable soil conditions. In places with soft and swamp soils the deposits of road construction materials are rare.
Distant delivery of road construction materials makes construction more expensive. Under these conditions the enterprises have the task to select the most affordable technologies of timber transport road construction from local construction materials. Russian forest businessmen will use the experience of the foreign companies in reduction of the timber-logging seasonality and in mechanisms of financing timber transport road construction.
To Organize Wood Processing Facilities at Timber-Logging Enterprises The changes in the situation with transportation service costs, insufficient development of transport infrastructure in the country, the problems with timber transportation by railroad, the restrictions related to timber drift require change of attitude to optimal concentration of wood processing facilities.
Reduction of round timber transportation distances, development of wood processing facilities at timber-logging enterprises become one of the primary goals in improvement of forest industry efficiency. Wood sawing is the basis for entire wood processing. Choosing the wood sawing technology it is useful to consider the specific features typical for timber-logging enterprises which make them different from sawmills, and saw milling, and wood processing enterprises working on purchased raw material.
That is why it is essential for the timberlogging enterprises to use the universal sawing technology, which provides processing of soft wood as well as defected hard wood including rot. Also the wood sawing technology does not require detailed sorting of raw material in accordance with diameters. Detailed sorting freezes raw materials parts.
The types of wood processing products which can be made directly at the timber-logging enterprises must be identified in accordance with the results of marketing research. One of the main type of products released by timber-logging enterprises to recommend is manufacturing wooden and their parts. The enterprises of different regions can produce the wooden using different technologies in accordance with the climate conditions, house building traditions and wooden raw material quality and dimensions.
The can be customised. At the current stage of the country development it is very important to solve social problems related to providing the residents of small settlements with modern and comfortable housing. One-floor wooden built up before the war and after the war in small settlements became outdated. They create negative image for the country and reduce its investment attractiveness.
The forthcoming period in timber-logging industry development can come down into the country's history as the period of one-storey Russia resettlement. Development of house-building production in timber-logging enterprises in relatively small volumes will allow to reduce risks, lead to competition which will increase the quality of, their variety, take into account customers wishes and reduce prices.
In the European part of the country the enterprises tested technologies of work in the conditions of swamp logging sites and felling area resources of low-quality with hardwood dominating, in Siberia - technologies of machine operation under the severe climate conditions; in the Caucasus equipment and technologies for timber-logging in mountains were improved. The enterprises were examples to follow for building new and upgrading already existing timber-logging enterprises.
Nowadays these enterprises are destroyed. To facilitate the restructuring and upgrading process in timber-logging industry, it is necessary to create such enterprises again. Highly-efficient timberlogging enterprises have to become examples for investors to follow. Foreign investors including the forest industry, wood-processing and power generation machine building sectors can become interested in implementation of the suggested project.
Currently, these companies offer Russian customers the machines, machine systems and equipment for performance of certain operations or a part of technological process called "logging site finished product of wood processing". At such system of sales a customer never gets maximum economic effect because efficiency is improved only at one certain phase of the process, it can have a small effect on the final result. This is reflected in the interest of the customers in the equipment acquired.
The maximum synergistic effect, for example, from the production of wooden will be obtained only when the entire technological chain will be created, from the logging site to turnkey facility commissioning. Demonstration of this effect to potential customers at an existing enterprise will allow to increase the volume of equipment sales to all participants of the project. Sukhanov, Dr. Novoselov 20 7 7 Softwood lumber exported from Russia in th.
Correlation between the currency and prices on Russian timber expressed in US dollars is clear: prices increase with dollar dropping. In , Northern Europe countries Sweden and Finland due to their national support programs have significantly built up export promoting their products in Chinese market. Russia is not the only market player on the world market of sawn softwood. Egypt, China and Japan markets show high competition between the Russian and European manufacturers in certain niches.
Finland, Sweden and Canada have also increased sawn softwood deliveries to the world market of sawn softwood. Canada is the world s largest manufacturer of sawn softwood. European manufacturers came under pressure after box rate surge forecast showed increase of rates for container transport from the Baltic countries, Finland and South-Eastern Russia to the ports of Asia.
Japan Japanese market is traditionally the most complicated sawn materials market due to special working conditions and requirements, but with a high margin and profitability. This is the third year of increase in succession. Yen to US dollar exchange rate has significantly helped the importers throughout the year.
In May September the rate fluctuated at yen per US dollar. This contributed to sawn lumber price surge in the internal market. The Central Bank of Japan marked off of the comfortable credit conditions and increase in government and administrative expenditures, which is partly related to the coming Olympic in Tokyo. These conditions allow for speedier recovery of economy despite the recent drop in consumption and investment.
According to the regulatory forecast, the economy is due to rise by 1. This financial year, similar to the previous, Bank of Japan forecasts average annual deflation. Landslide of consumer prices without regard to fresh food products may amount to 0. In financial year, the forecasted average annual inflation is 1.
The country continues to suffer from depopulation and manpower tightness. In January , the Japanese government reported rapid inflow of immigrants. The country aims at attracting more foreign workers, but the high-skilled professional are not too quick to choose Japan. Tokyo still shows population graying and decline. According to the statistics as early as in years the current mln will be diminished to 87 mln, and half of the population will be retirees.
As forecasted, the population within the country is going to decline by third in which will entail in recruitment of foreign workers. A range of researches show that in the last months the construction industry in Japan attracted large sums of investments with low interest bank rates.
Alongside with that, housing prices started to rise outrunning the wages, which especially affects the demand on the part of young Japanese families. China Favourable situation on the Chinese house development market, increase in sales and yuan strengthening against the US dollar create prerequisites for rise in prices for sawn materials. Egypt Unstable market of Egypt, with high volatility, is hard to be forecasted both on the part of costs and on the part of scope of sales for the Russian log-processing companies.
In November , the Central Bank of Egypt declared transition to floating native currency rate. As of the end of the year, the rate was 17 pounds per US dollar against 7. The government brought itself to such measures in order to minimize the gap between the official rate of American currency and its actual value on the gray market. With underlying drop-down of the national currency the consumers found themselves in awkward situation of having no means for settlement with lumber vendors due to the heavy lack of currency within the country.
Low paying capacity of Egyptian buyers remains the main reduction factor for sawn materials deliveries from Russia. Citizens of Egypt suffered the tax increase, rapid food products inflation approx. Growth of free market oil prices in November December after meeting of OPEC was also an additional negative factor affecting the economy of Egypt, as the country has to import hydrocarbon in order to satiate the internal needs.
Government of Egypt is compelled to spend significant part of its budget to subside strategic and socially important products, gasoline in particular. Uglovskogo str. Pine and spruce rough and planed sawn timber. Timber harvesting for own use. Soft paperwood and hardwood for sale.
Sudoma Sawmill Sawn timber 4, bld. Petersburg, Surgutmebel Sawn timber, wood 1, bld. Although it requires more attention to product specification demanded by customers, ultimately such diversification allows a woodworking enterprise to have stable contracts for its products. Besides, the profit per cubic metre of processed timber is higher than in standard sawmill business.
Due to this advantage the manufacturers minimise their risks and additional expenses and have the opportunity to expand business; the consumption volume of raw materials for sawing remaining the same. Therefore, it can be expected that the number of Russian woodworking enterprises starting to export only the processed timber will grow on.
Its woodworking enterprises are located mostly in the Leningrad and Novgorod regions, as well as in St. Petersburg and Karelia. The last of the three biggest exporters of processed timber is South Siberia; the most of companies are from Krasnoyarsk.
Another major supplier of processed timber is the Russian North: the Arkhangelsk region and the Republic of Komi. Export from these regions has increased more than twofold. The raw timber is still remaining the main category of exported products. In , according to data provided by the analytical centre of GS Group investment and industry holding, the timber volume exported from Russia was Timber export growth is connected both with the general timber market behaviour and the remaining key advantage of the Russian exporters the low exchange rate of rouble in relation to main foreign currencies.
Along with that, in , the revenue of the Russian exporters grew up both in roubles and dollars. Unprocessed softwood, mostly fire-tree and pine-tree have stayed the main exported product category for several years already. Export of planed timber sustainably grows on, its share in the total volume of supplied processed and non-processed timber remains stable at the level of 2. Most of the export volumes of fir-tree and pine-tree are growing up.
As far as increasing export of hardwood species is concerned, it is mostly birch and oak timber. Export of additionally processed timber is more complicated business than supply of non-processed timber. Processed timber is supplied as intendedpurpose product, and the requirements to wood processing and quality are various in different regions depending on application, and are not easy to meet.
Nevertheless, export of planed and profiled timber is more interesting and promising solution than sales of non-processed timber. In relation to the export growth rate the products of deeper processing, timber in particular, became the leading ones. One of the factors which caused such a change was the increase of export custom duties for round wood. Reduction of round wood export growth rate promoted expansion of sawmills' raw material base and then facilitated timber production development and export.
The general supply volume of these products for the period from grew up from 7. An important factor of growth was increasing demand for Russian timber in the countries of CIS, Europe, Asia and Middle East causing the rise of global prices for this category of products.
Since , at the background of timber export growth the volume of round wood supplies abroad jumped down. In , having declared the course for development of deep wood processing enterprises as one of the state top-priorities in the forest complex, the president of Russia Vladimir Putin actually drew a line under export of round wood from our country.
Since , export of round wood started going down slowly, and timber supplies started growing in the same slow manner. In , the volume of timber export reached Currently, more and more Russian woodworking enterprises get focused on the export of processed sawn products. This is quite natural: the demand for such products is more stable providing more Processed Timber Export In , planed and profiled timber was the main part of export of all processed timber.
The second place is held by profiled pine-tree timber. In , the volume of its export was ths. As concerning planed and profiled hardwood timber, the export volume of these products remains the same as in ths. Export of profiled birch-tree materials reduced up to 12 ths. According to the results of the end of , the planed oak timber volume also grew up up to 10 ths.
This is connected with the fall of price which had been growing during the previous two years, unlike the prices of planed and profiled birch-tree. Export prices of hardwood processed timber are going down similar to those of softwood. Regions-Exporters of Processed Timber In , the three leading regions of Russia - exporters of processed timber were the Irkutsk region, the Krasnoyarsk territory, and the Leningrad region.
However, in , export of this type of products to the USA did not exceed 3 ths. Along with that, China is accounted for most part of supplies of profiled birch-tree and planed oaktree timber. Lithuania buys sawnprofiled birch-tree timber and Poland buys planed oak-tree timber. This region also supplies planed pine-tree timber to Uzbekistan and China over 70 ths.
According to the results of the end of , export to China increased twofold, to Korea half as much, to Vietnam fourfold. Profiled pine-tree timber is much less exported from the Irkutsk region: in , delivery volume to Japan was about 5 ths. Along with that, export of this kind of timber to Japan and Korea is going down, meanwhile the one to Mongolia and Tajikistan is growing up.
In , the region started exporting the planed birch-tree to China about 8 ths. It happened mostly because deliveries to Tajikistan reduced and the ones to Kirghizia stopped. The main flow of processed timber from the Leningrad region is the planed fir-tree: over 40 ths. The primary receiver is Japan a stable flow up to 30 ths.
In , the export of planed fir-tree to China started about 2. The second large category of export from the Leningrad region is profiled pine-tree. Its supplies in tripled and increased up to 16 ths. Almost the total volume goes to Finland.
The region's export of planed pine-tree about 5 ths. A half of the volume goes to Korea. In , the supplies to Japan started but those to Poland stopped. The export of planed birch-tree to the Baltic States has 2.
In addition to processed softwood St. Peterburg enterprises work with hardwood as well: export of planed birch-tree timber makes one-third of the volume supplied by the city. At the same time, the volume of softwood timber is growing: supplies of planed fir-tree have tripled and exceeded 7 ths. The key purchaser of these products is the Middle East: in addition to stable supplies to Kuwait over 1 ths. The volume of planed birch-tree supplies to Estonia and Lithuania has decreased twofold; however, export to China has doubled.
As a whole, according to the results of the end of , export supplies of planed birch-tree timber producrs isignificantly reduced up to 5. However, the supplies of processed pine-tree timber have doubled up to 4 ths. The enterprises of the Novgorod region export profiled pine-tree and planed fir-tree timber mainly, and the most amount of timber is processed at two plants belonging to foreign investors. Export of profiled pine-tree timber grew up by one third, up to 22 ths.
The Novgorod region supplies it to Turkey annual amount is about 9. According to the results of the end of , the increase of export volumes to Poland over 1 ths. Export of profiled pine-tree from the Arkhangelsk region grew half as much: in , it was Three companies working in the Arkhangelsk region drastically increased their export volumes of planed fir-tree to the USA from 1 ths.
According to the results of the end of , the supplies of processed timber from Karelia increased from 30 ths. The sales volumes of these timber products to Finland and Japan are also growing. The region permanently exports the profiled pine-tree timber to the UK and Finland.
The profiled pine-tree export has also insignificantly reduced: the flow to Azerbaidjan and Turkey has falled by half, while supplies to Lithuania and Abkhasia have increased. Sudoma Sawmill Ltd. In , while the commissioning was still in process, the enterprise had a number of contracts with foreign customers.
Nowadays, the products made by Sudoma Sawmill Ltd. The main customers are Holland and France. Currently, the enterprise has the contracts for the following several months. Monthly export volumes of Sudoma sawmill's processed timber reach 2 ths. The primary product of the sawmill which is in high demand abroad is the planed timber; it illustrates the Russian export development trend. The supply volume of the products is 1.
The enterprise's experience also reflects the trend of high demand for timber, mostly softwood, with foreign customers. Similar to the Russian export as a whole, the primary purchaser of Sudoma's birch-tree timber is China. As far as impregnated timber is concerned, its monthly export volume is about m 3.
This product category is made by Sudoma Sawmill Ltd. These materials are mainly exported to Holland and France, as well as to Belgium, Lithuania and Greece. Since the foreign customers are getting more and more interested in the enterprise's products, its potential capacity to boost the production is stable.
Trust but verify! Before visiting a certain country, an experienced tourist studies the route, investigating the places of interest to be visited in the first turn, and tries to get into the mentality of the native people in that place basing on the reviews of more experienced colleagues.
The route to Russia chosen by a foreign investor whose main purpose is to establish business there can be called an investment tourism. Evgeny, what are the risks for the foreign investors coming to the Russian market? In my opinion, the main risk for an investor is not in the possibility to lose the start-up capital when making a market research this money is always under risk and one should be ready to lose it, because nobody knows what the result of the market research will be like and whether environment will be favourable for the project successful implementation.
The main stake is the right and unmistakable choice of the guide the project management team. Not all the tourists can afford themselves a guide! But there are investors who have already had an experience in organizing and implementation of multiple big projects and there is a certain action paradigm leading to a successful result That is true, but let s remember that an ordinary tourist independently organizing a trip to an unknown country risks only the lack of positive emotions during the trip.
But an investor risks not only his assets but his name as well. And the success of the entire project will depend on the guide chosen by the investor when he wants to get into the Russian business environment. It is not a secret that in our era of Internet it is very easy to make an image of an experienced and professional guide a project manager, making an impressive portfolio, for example.
Unlike Russian style of running business, the foreign one is based on trust and on a word of honour. Due to their business integrity, foreign investors often tend to believe in the image created by some project managers and hire them for very good payment without additional background checking.
What does project manager s background checking mean for you? As a minimum, it means to collect reviews of the manager s work from the maximum number of participants in the projects implemented customers, equipment suppliers, authorities, design institutes etc. The more information you have the clearer picture of the potential guide s real experience you will see. Frankly speaking it is much cheaper for an investor to hire one person than a whole project team.
I would rather disagree with that. It is not the matter of the number of people in a project team it can consist only of one person. It is the execution of relationships that matters: either the project manager can be liable under the labour contract or the service contract that s one thing, or the same project manager is a representative of the legal entity and then all the relationships are quite of another kind.
What does a self-employed project manager risk? He risks non-payment or underpayment or does not get some fee for the services, and only after that he risks his good reputation and nothing else. There is a very low probability that the investor will upset the apple cart for this quasi-manager. What does the investor risk in case the hired project manager has failed the project?
He risks his reputation and only after that he risks the big money which cannot be compared with the service payment. These things are incomparable! Being an owner I risk my reputation first of all and the lost profit is just the second thing. A reliable company which proved its reliability has something to secure its liability to its customers. That is what foreign investors should also remember: understanding and checking what a legal entity hired as a project team has in its portfolio is a must.
Evgeny, does it mean that you believe that only legal entities are worth dealing with, because they are the only partners to trust, and the independent project managers are not? No, it doesn t. My main message to the potential investors who plan organizing their business in Russia is that at the stage they are building relations with companies they should be very careful.
Business relations must be built on the mutual trust. That is out of question. However, the principle I am guided with is Trust but verify! Craft Interior doors , St. Bersh st. Engels st. Musical instruments , Republic of Udmurtia, Izhevsk, Bummashevskaya st. Kosinskaya st.
Pavlova st. Kaluga multi woodworking complex Russia, Kaluga region, city of Balabanovo, Floor board, blockhouse, building timber imitation, eurobatten. Sort: AB. Wood species: pine, spruce. Production of plank of other wood species is possible 50 let Oktyabrya sq. A series of warm winters in Europe, low fossil fuel prices and a temporary stagnation in pellet demand for co-firing and full conversion power plant projects in the industrial pellet market have led to decrease of European pellet prices and depressed demand for pellets as well as for new pellet stoves and boilers.
The situation changed in The first cold winter led to increase of pellet prices, as well as new political acts of supporting bioenergy in the Netherlands and other European countries led to increase of the pellet consumption.
The Russian wood pellet producers answered to this interest by growing of the production and export volumes. Besides, sea shipments are made on terms FCA Russian place of dispatch, which complicates the identification of certain ports, however we can assert that the main port used is the port of Saint-Petersburg. Traditionally, the leading countries that buy wood pellets in from Russia are Denmark and Sweden. The Southern Korea takes the third place in the rating of importers of Russian pellets due to the active efforts of Arkaim JV.
Germany, the Netherlands and Italy open the second group of countries importers of Russian pellets and take the 4th, the 5th and the 6th places in the import rating accordingly. Followed by Finland, Latvia and Great Britain.
There are also other countries which buy some pellets from Russia every year. You can see the production and export volumes of Russian companies in the table below. There is no internal consumption of this product in the Russian market. The growing interest from the European Union for biofuels, particularly wood pellets, will continue to be a major incentive for Russia to increase production of wood pellets. Industry reports that about 30 large Russian pellet producers are certified by ENplus and by SBP Sustainable Biomass program in Europe will continue to be the largest importer of Russian wood pellets in the near future.
Russia has export potential and European pellet demand will continue to stimulate an increase in Russian production. Due to the Rouble devaluation since , a number of smaller wood pellet producers were able to start exporting their products to the EU, in spite of previous logistics barriers. However, exports from these facilities will be limited by increasing requirements from the EU in certification.
At the same time, Asian traders from Japan, China and other countries are very active in finding reliable partners in Russia and sign long-term contracts with Siberian and Far East Russian pellet plants. Olga Rakitova, The Bioenergy International. Charcoal 2, Gornaya str. Petersburg, , Pomorsky Lesnoi Tekhnopark Fuel briquettes 75, bld. Chips, pellets , Polevaya str.
Petersburg sights 2 St. Petersburg State University 1 St. Petersburg Theaters 1 St. Petersburg Theatres 1 St. Petersburg tours 1 St. Petersburg University 1 St. Sergius of Radonezh 2 St. Sophia Cathedral 2 St. Valentine's Day 3 St. Petersburg 9 St. Petersburg bars 1 St. Petersburg International Cultural Forum 2 St.
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Weather statistics. Period end date: Selection period: 1 day 7 days 30 days Select. Select to file GZ archive. Recently viewed:. Nearest centres:. Most popular:. Moscow northwest, Tushino. Latest news: 6 May Significant changes in the desktop version of the site. Pressure: millimeters of mercury mmHg inches of mercury inHg millibars mbar hectopascals hPa. For the "Weather archive" pages only Horizontal visibility VV : kilometres miles Height of the base of the lowest clouds H : metres feet Snow depth sss : centimetres inches.
Cumulonimbus capillatus often with an anvil , with or without Cumulonimbus calvus, Cumulus, Stratocumulus, Stratus or pannus. Stratus fractus or Cumulus fractus of bad weather, or both pannus , usually below Altostratus or Nimbostratus. No precipitation No precipitation. Our magic isn't perfect You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.
The cover is visually disturbing. The cover is not a good choice. Rich Minimal Serif. Justify Text. Note: preferences and languages are saved separately in https mode. Work settlement in Tver Oblast, Russia.
Work settlement . Location of Maksatikha. Administrative status. Municipal status. See also. Aeroflot Flight State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, June 3, Retrieved January 19, Russian Post. Retrieved October 19, Archived from the original on April 19, Retrieved October 17, Archived from the original on October 20, Retrieved October 16, Russian Ministry of Culture.
Retrieved June 2, Administrative divisions of Tver Oblast. Ozyorny Solnechny. Credit: see original file. Suggest as cover photo Would you like to suggest this photo as the cover photo for this article? Yes, this would make a good choice No, never mind.
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